PDF下载 分享
[1]赵 静,梁前勇*,尉建功,等.南海北部陆坡西部海域“海马”冷泉甲烷渗漏及其海底表征[J].地球化学,2020,49(01):108-118.[doi:10.19700/j.0379-1726.2020.01.009]
 ZHAO Jing,LIANG Qian-yong*,WEI Jian-gong,et al.Seafloor geology and geochemistry characteristic of methane seepage of the “Haima” cold seep, northwestern slope of the South China Sea[J].Geochimica,2020,49(01):108-118.[doi:10.19700/j.0379-1726.2020.01.009]



[1]Roberts H H, Aharon P. Hydrocarbon-derived carbonate buildups of the northern Gulf of Mexico continental slope: A review of submersible investigations[J]. Geo Mar Lett, 1994, 14(2/3): 135-148.
[2]Boetius A, Wenzh?fer F. Diffusive methane effluxes and AOM turnover rates at C-9[J]. Mar Geol, 2013, 347(3): 27-42.
[3]Suess E. Marine cold seeps and their manifestations: Geological control, biogeochemical criteria and environmental conditions[J]. Int J Earth Sci, 2014, 103(7): 1889-1916.
[4]Paull C K, Hecker B, Commeau R, Freeman-Lynde R P, Neumann C, Corso W P, Golubic S, Hook J E, Sikes E, Curray J. Biological communities at the Florida Escarpment resemble hydrothermal vent taxa[J]. Science, 1984, 226(4677): 964-967.
[5]Levin L A. Ecology of cold seep sediments: Interactions of fauna with flow, chemistry, and microbes[J]. Oceanogr Mar Biol, 2005, 43: 1-46.
[6]J?rgensen B B, Boetius A. Feast and famine - microbial life in the deep-sea bed[J]. Nat Rev Microbiol, 2007, 5(10): 770- 781.
[7]Judd A, Hovland M. Seabed fluid flow: Impact on Geology, Biology and the Marine Environment[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2007: 475.
[8]Greinert J, Lewis K B, Bialas J, Pecher I A, Rowden A, Bowden D A, De Batist M, Linke P. Methane seepage along the Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand: Overview of studies in 2006 and 2007 and new evidence from visual, bathymetric and hydroacoustic investigations[J]. Mar Geol, 2010, 272(1-4): 6-25.
[9]Suess E. Marine cold seeps[M]//Timmis K N. Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology: Vol. 1, Part 3: Transfer from the Geosphere to the Biosphere. Heidelberg: Springer, 2010: 187-203.
[10]陆红锋, 刘坚, 陈芳, 廖志良, 孙晓明, 苏新. 南海台西南区碳酸盐岩矿物学和稳定同位素组成特征——天然气水合物存在的主要证据之一[J]. 地学前缘, 2005, 12(3): 268-276.
Lu Hong-feng, Liu Jian, Chen Fang, Liao Zhi-liang, Sun Xiao-ming, Su Xin. Mineralogy and stable isotopic composition of authigenic carbonates in bottom sediments in the off shore area of southwest Taiwan, South China Sea: Evidence for gas hydrates occurrence[J]. Earth Sci Front, 2005, 12(3): 268-276 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[11]Chen D F, Huang Y Y, Yuan X L, Cathles III L M. Seep carbonates and preserved methane oxidizing archaea and sulfate reducing bacteria fossils suggest recent gas venting on the seafloor in the northeastern South China Sea[J]. Mar Pet Geol, 2005, 22(5): 613-621.
[12]陈多福, 黄永样, 冯东, 苏正, 陈光谦. 南海北部冷泉碳酸盐岩和石化微生物细菌及地质意义[J]. 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 2005, 24(3): 185-189.
Chen Duo-fu, Huang Yong-yang, Feng Dong, Su Zheng, Chen Guang-qian. Seep carbonate and preserved bacteria fossils in the northern of the South China Sea and their geological implications[J]. Bull Mineral Petrol Geochem, 2005, 24(3): 185-189 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[13]黄永样, Suess E, 吴能友. 南海北部陆坡甲烷和天然气水合物地质——中德合作SO-177航次成果专报[M]. 北京: 地质出版社, 2008: 1-197.
Huang Yong-yang, Suess E, Wu Neng-you. Methane and Gas Hydrate Geology in the Northern Slope of the South China Sea—Special Report for Sino-German Cooperative SO-177 Cruise[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2008: 1-197 (in Chinese).
[14]Han X Q, Suess E, Huang Y Y, Wu N Y, Bohrmann G, Su X. Jiulong methane reef: Microbial mediation of seep carbonates in the South China Sea[J]. Mar Geol, 2008, 249(3/4): 243-256.
[15]陈忠, 杨华平, 黄奇瑜, 颜文, 陆钧. 南海东沙西南海域冷泉碳酸盐岩特征及其意义[J]. 现代地质, 2008, 22(3): 382-389.
Chen Zhong, Yang Hua-ping, Huang Qi-yu, Yan Wen, Lu Jun. Diagenetic environment and implication of seep carbonate precipitations from southwestern Dongsha area, South China Sea[J]. Geoscience, 2008, 22(3): 382-389 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[16]苏新, 陈芳, 陆红锋, 黄永样. 南海北部深海甲烷冷泉自生碳酸盐岩显微结构特征与流体活动关系初探[J]. 现代地质, 2008, 22(3): 376-381.
Su Xin, Chen Fang, Lu Hong-feng, Huang Yong-yang. Micro-textures of methane seep carbonates from the northern South China Sea in correlation with fluid flow[J]. Geoscience, 2008, 22(3): 376-381 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[17]杨克红, 初凤友, 赵建如, 雷吉江, 方银霞. 南海北部冷泉碳酸盐岩矿物微形貌及其意义探讨[J]. 矿物学报, 2009, 29(3): 345-352.
Yang Ke-hong, Chu Feng-you, Zhao Jian-ru, Lei Ji-jiang, Fang Yin-xia. Minerals’ micro-shape and its significance of seep carbonates in the North of the South China Sea[J]. Acta Mineral Sinica, 2009, 29(3): 345-352 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[18]Ge L, Jiang S Y, Swennen R, Yang T, Yang J H, Wu N Y, Liu J, Chen D H. Chemical environment of cold seep carbonate formation on the northern continental slope of South China Sea: Evidence from trace and rare earth element geochemistry[J]. Mar Geol, 2010, 277(1-4): 21-30.
[19]Sun Q L, Wu S G, Hovland M, Luo P, Lu Y T, Qu T L. The morphologies and genesis of mega-pockmarks near the Xisha Uplift, South China Sea[J]. Mar Petrol Geol, 2011, 28(6): 1146-1156.
[20]Sun Z L, Wei H L, Zhang X H, Shang L N, Yin X J, Sun Y B, Xu L, Huang W, Zhang X R. A unique Fe-rich carbonate chimney associated with cold seeps in the Northern Okinawa Trough, East China Sea[J]. Deep Sea Res Pt I Oceanogr Res Pap, 2015, 95: 37-53.
[21]Lin S, Lim Y, Liu C S, Yang T F, Chen Y G, Machiyama H, Soh W, Fujikura K. Formosa ridge, a cold seep with densely populated chemosynthetic community in the passive margin, Southwest of Taiwan[J]. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 2007, 71(15): S582.
[22]Feng D, Chen D F. Authigenic carbonates from an active cold seep of the northern South China Sea: New insights into fluid sources and past seepage activity[J]. Deep Sea Res Pt II Top Stud Oceanogr, 2015, 122: 74-83.
[23]Feng D, Chen D F, Peckmann J. Rare earth elements in seep carbonates as tracers of variable redox conditions at ancient hydrocarbon seeps[J]. Terra Nova, 2009, 21(1): 49-56.
[24]Liang Q Y, Hu Y, Feng D, Peckmann J, Chen L Y, Yang S X, Liang J Q, Tao J, Chen D F. Authigenic carbonates from newly discovered active cold seeps on the northwestern slope of the South China Sea Constraints on fluid sources, formation environments, and seepage dynamics[J]. Deep Sea Res Pt I: Oceanogr Res Pap, 2017, 124: 31-41.
[25]Wang J L, Wu S G, Kong X, Ma B J, Li W, Wang D W, Gao J W, Chen W L. Subsurface fluid flow at an active cold seep area in the Qiongdongnan Basin, northern South China Sea[J]. J Asian Earth Sci, 2018, 168: 17-26.
[26]杨力, 刘斌, 徐梦婕, 刘胜旋, 关永贤, 顾元. 南海北部琼东南海域活动冷泉特征及形成模式[J]. 地球物理学报, 2018, 61(7): 2905-2914.
Yang Li, Liu Bin, Xu Meng-jie, Liu Sheng-xuan, Guan Yong-xian, Gu Yuan. Characteristics of active cold seepages in Qiongdongnan Sea Area of the northern South China Sea[J]. Chinese J Geophys, 2018, 61(7): 2905-2914 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[27]Xu T, Feng D, Tao J, Qiu J W. A new species of deep-sea mussel (Bivalvia: Mytilidae: Gigantidas) from the South China Sea: Morphology, phylogenetic position, and gill-associated microbes[J]. Deep Sea Res Pt I Oceanogr Res Pap, 2019, 146: 79-90.
[28]Chen C, Okutani T, Liang Q Y, Qiu J W. A noteworthy new species of the family vesicomyidae from the South China Sea (Bivalvia: Glossoidea)[J]. Venus (J Malacol Soc Japan), 2018, 76(1-4): 29-37.
[29]Sun Y N, Liang Q Y, Sun J, Yang Y, Tao J, Liang J Q, Feng D, Qiu J W, Qian P Y. The mitochondrial genome of the deep-sea tubeworm Paraescarpia echinospica (Siboglinidae, Annelida) and its phylogenetic implications[J]. Mitochondr Dna Pt B, 2018, 3(1): 131-132.
[30]Feng D, Peckmann J, Li N, Kiel S, Qiu J W, Liang Q Y, Carney R S, Peng Y B, Tao J, Chen D F. The stable isotope fingerprint of chemosymbiosis in the shell organic matrix of seep-dwelling bivalves[J]. Chem Geol, 2018, 479: 241-250.
[31]Niu M Y, Fan X B, Zhuang G C, Liang Q Y, Wang F P. Methane-metabolizing microbial communities in sediments of the Haima cold seep area, northwest slope of the South China Sea[J]. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2017, 93(9): fix101.
[32]Guan H X, Birgel D, Peckmann J, Liang Q Y, Feng D, Yang S X, Liang J Q, Tao J, Wu N Y, Chen D F. Lipid biomarker patterns of authigenic carbonates reveal fluid composition and seepage intensity at Haima cold seeps, South China Sea[J]. J Asian Earth Sci, 2018, 168: 163-172.
[33]吴宗洋, 梁前勇, 蒋文敏, 赵静, 李芸, 熊永强. 南海珠江口盆地西部海域海马冷泉区表层沉积物的生物标志物特征[J]. 地球化学, 2019, 48(1): 88-99.
Wu Zong-yang, Liang Qian-yong, Jiang Wen-min, Zhao Jing, Li Yun, Xiong Yong-qiang. Biomarkers characteristics in surface sediments in the Haima cold seep on the northwestern area of Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea[J]. Geochimica, 2019, 48(1): 88-99 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[34]Boetius A, Ravenschlag K, Schubert C J, Rickert D, Widdel F, Gieseke A, Amann R, J?rgensen B B, Witte U, Pfannkuche O. A marine microbial consortium apparently mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane[J]. Nature, 2000, 407(6804): 623-626.
[35]Fang Y X, Wei J G, Lu H L, Liang J Q, Lu J A, Fu J, Cao J. Chemical and structural characteristics of gas hydrates from the Haima cold seeps in the Qiongdongnan Basin of the South China Sea[J]. J Asian Earth Sci, 2019, 182: 103924.
[36]Hu Y, Luo M, Liang Q Y, Chen L Y, Feng D, Yang S X, Liang J Q, Chen D F. Pore fluid compositions and inferred fluid flow patterns at the Haima cold seeps of the South China Sea[J]. Mar Petrol Geol, 2019, 103: 29-40.
[37]Shine K P, Derwent R G, Wuebbles D J, Morcrette J J. Radiative forcing of climate[M]//Houghton J T, Jenkins G J, Ephraums J J. Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990: 41-68.
[38]Dickens G R, O'Neil J R, Rea D K, Owen R M. Dissociation of oceanic methane hydrate as a cause of the carbon isotope excursion at the end of the Paleocene[J]. Paleoceanography, 1995, 10(6): 965-971.
[39]Hornafius J S, Quigley D, Luyendyk B P. The world’s most spectacular marine hydrocarbon seeps (Coal Oil Point, Santa Barbara Channel, California): Quantification of emissions[J]. J Geophys Res Oceans, 1999, 104(C9): 20703-20711.
[40]Kennedy M J, Christie-Blick N, Sohl L E. Are Proterozoic cap carbonates and isotopic excursions a record of gas hydrate destabilization following Earth’s coldest intervals[J]. Geology, 2001, 29(5): 443-446.
[41]Kennett J P, Cannariato K G, Hendy I L, Behl R J. Carbon isotopic evidence for methane hydrate instability during quaternary interstadials[J]. Science, 2000, 288(5463): 128-133.
[42]Hesselbo S P, Gr?cke D R, Jenkyns1 H C, Bjerrum C J, Farrimond P, Morgans Bell H S, Green O R. Massive dissociation of gas hydrate during a Jurassic oceanic anoxic event[J]. Nature, 2000, 406(6794): 392-395.
[43]Padden M H, Weissert H, de Rafelis M. Evidence for Late Jurassic release of methane from gas hydrate[J]. Geology, 2001, 29(3): 223-226.
[44]Hinrichs K U, Hmelo L R, Sylva S P. Molecular fossil record of elevated methane levels in late Pleistocene coastal waters[J]. Science, 2003, 299(5610): 1214-1217.
[45]Etiope G. New directions: GEM—Geologic emissions of methane, the missing source in the atmospheric methane budget[J]. Atmos Environ, 2004, 38: 3099-3100.
[46]Tilbrook B D, Karl D M. Methane sources, distributions and sinks from California coastal waters to the oligotrophic North Pacific gyre[J]. Mar Chem, 1995, 49(1): 51?64.
[47]Watanabe S, Higashitani N, Tsurushima N, Tsunogai S. Methane in the western North Pacific[J]. J Oceanogr, 1995, 51(1): 39?60.
[48]Stocker T F, Qin D H, Plattner G K, Tignor M M B, Allen S K, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley P M. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis[M]. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
[49]尹希杰, 周怀阳, 杨群慧, 王虎, 陈坚. 南海北部甲烷渗漏活动存在的证据: 近底层海水甲烷高浓度异常[J]. 海洋学报, 2008, 30(6): 69-75.
Yin Xi-jie, Zhou Huai-yang, Yang Qun-hui, Wang Hu, Chen Jian. The evidence for the existence of methane seepages in the northern South China Sea: Abnormal high methane concentration in bottom waters[J]. Acta Oceanol Sinica, 2008, 30(6): 69-75 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[50]Zhou H Y, Yin X J, Yang Q H. Distribution, source and flux of methane in the western Pearl River Estuary and northern South China Sea[J]. Mar Chem, 2009, 117(1-4): 21-31.
[51]梁前勇, 赵静, 夏真, 杨胜雄, 康建华, 林进清, 雷知声, 邓义楠, 滕德强. 南海北部陆坡天然气水合物区海水甲烷含量分布特征及其影响因素探讨[J]. 地学前缘, 2017, 24(4): 89-101.
Liang Qian-yong, Zhao Jing, Xia Zhen, Yang Sheng-xiong, Kang Jian-hua, Lin Jin-qing, Lei Zhi-sheng, Deng Yi-nan, Teng De-qiang. Distribution characteristics and influential factors of dissolved methane in sea water above gas hydrate area on the northern slope of the South China Sea[J]. Earth Sci Front, 2017, 24(4): 89-101 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[52]Tseng H C, Chen C T A, Borges A V, Delvalls T A, Chang Y C. Methane in the South China Sea and the western Philippine Sea[J]. Continent Shelf Res, 2017, 135: 23-34.
[53]Weiss R F. The solubility of nitrogen, oxygen, and argen in water and seawater[J]. Deep sea Res Oceanogr Abstr, 1970, 17(4): 721-735.
[54]Wiesenburg D A, Guinasso N L. Equilibrium solubilities of methane, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen in water and sea water[J]. J Chem Eng Data, 1979, 24(4): 356-360.


收稿日期(Received): 2018-12-28; 改回日期(Revised): 2019-11-04; 接受日期(Accepted): 2019-11-11
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(41806074, 41602149, 41730528); 中国地质调查局海域天然气水合物资源勘查工程二级项目(DD20190218), 国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0304905-03)
作者简介: 赵静(1983-), 女, 博士, 主要从事天然气水合物及油气地球化学勘探研究。E-mail: zhaojing_0315@163.com
* 通讯作者(Corresponding author): LIANG Qian-yong, E-mail: tomlqy@163.com; Tel: +86-20-82020393

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-02-20